Links and reference

Land Use

Building Design to Foster a Quality and Sustainable Built Environment. (2011, January). Retrieved October 25, 2020, from

Southwest Kwai Chung. (2015, July 21). Retrieved October 25, 2020, from

This is what the future’s sustainable cities could look like. (2019, March 15). Retrieved October 25, 2020, from

Town Planning.  (2020, April). Retrieved October 25, 2020, from

Urban Morphology

Hong Kong and Part of Leased Territory. (1913). Ordnance Survey Office Southampton.

Hong Kong Harbour Stages of Public Reclamation. (1995). Civil Engineering Department, Hong Kong. 

Concept Plan for the Proposed Building Height Profile of Kwai Chung Area. (2012). Planning Department. Hong Kong.

Carine L. (Oct 2018). Open Space Opinion Survey Summary Report. Civil Exchange.

Kwai Chung Outline Zoning Plan No.S/KC/28. (2017). Metro Planning Committee. Town Planning Board. Hong Kong.

Urban Road Infrastructure

Civil Engineering and Development Department (2015). Environmental Impact Assessment Report: Flyover from Kwai Tsing Interchange Upramp to Kwai Chung Road. Retrieved from:

Drainage Services Department (2005). Environmental Impact Assessment Report: Drainage Improvement in Tsuen Wan, Kwai Chung and Tsing Yi, Tsuen Wan Drainage Tunnel. Document No. 204417/18/E. Retrieved from

Planning Department (2018), Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelines. Chapter 8-12.  Retrieved from:

Transport Department Road Safety and Standards Division (2020). Junction Blacksites of 2020 First Quarter. Retrieved from:

Transport Department (2020). Monthly Traffic and Transport Digest 2020. Retrieved from:

Transport Department (2019). Road Traffic Accidents by District Council District and Severity in 2019. Retrieved from:

Pedestrian Walkway System

Highway Department. (2020). Universal Accessibility Programme. Retrieved October 23, 2020, from

Yi, S. & Ling, K. K. (2020). Walkability and Its Implications for Planning Age-friendly Cities: Evidence from Hong Kong. UPI, 35(1), 47-52. Doi: 10.19830/j.upi.2019.677

Google Map. (2020). Google Map. Retrieved October 23, 2020, from,114.1207675,15.26z/data=!5m1!1e1

Ng, S., Lau, W., Brown, F., Tam, E., Lao, M., & Booth, V. (2012). Walkable City, Living Street. Civic Exchange.


HK LegCo (2003), Legco Panel on Food Safety and Environmental Hygiene-Control of Environmental Nuisances Caused by the Operation of Tsuen Wan Slaughterhouse, LC Paper No. CB(2) 154/03-04(03)

Legislative Council Secretariat (2002), Information note of Pork Supply to Hong Kong, Paper No. IN27/01-02

Laws of Hong Kong: Slaughterhouses Regulation (Cap. 132 sub. leg. BU).


ASD – Universal Accessibility – Best Practices and Guidelines. (2020). Retrieved 26 October 2020, from 

Architectural Barriers. (2020). Retrieved 26 October 2020, from 

Universal Accessibility Programme – Home. (2020). Retrieved 26 October 2020, from

Green Spaces

Development Bureau (2011). Development of Greening Master Plans (GMPs) for the New Territories. In Legislative Council Panel on Development on 24 May 2011 (Issue CB(1)2293/10-11(01)). Development Bureau.

Tian, Y., Liu, Y., Jim, C., & Song, H. (2017). Assessing Structural Connectivity of Urban Green Spaces in Metropolitan Hong Kong. Sustainability, 9(9), 1653.

Ip, R. (2008). Environmental Impact Assessment for Tsuen Wan Bypass, Widening of Tsuen Wan Road between Tsuen Tsing Interchange and Kwai Tsing Interchange and Associated Junction Improvement Works. Retrieved from:

Planning Department ‌(2020). Ch4: Recreation, Open Space and Greening. Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelines. Retrieved from:

Lai, C. (2017). Unopened Space: Mapping Equitable Availability of Open Space in Hong Kong. Retrieved from Civic Exchange website:

Chow, J. (2018). Public Open Space Accessibility in Hong Kong: A Geospatial Analysis. Retrieved from Civic Exchange website:

Urban Ecology

Census and Statistics Department. (2020). Hong Kong Monthly Digest of Statistics October 2020. Hong Kong: Census and Statistics Department.

Environmental Protection Department. (2010). Agreement No. CE 37/2006 (DS): Review of West Kowloon and Tsuen Wan Sewerage Master Plans : Feasibility Study. Retrieved from

Food and Environmental Hygiene Department. (2020). Dengue Fever Gravidtrap Index Update. Retrieved from

Planning Department. (2016). Environmental Protection and Nature Conservation for Sustainable Growth. Retrieved from

The Greening, Landscape, and Tree Management Section, Development Bureau. (2020). Street Tree Selection Guide. Retrieved from

Threlfall, C.G., Ossola, A., Hahs, A.K., Williams, N., Lee, W., & Livesley, S. (2016). Variation in Vegetation Structure and Composition across Urban Green Space Types. Ecology and Evolution, 4, 1-12.

Working Environments

EPD successfully prosecutes seven illegal roadside dumping cases using video clips and three car owners who refused to disclose information. (n.d.). Retrieved October 26, 2020, from

Windowless worker dorms at Hong Kong’s busiest port ‘hotbeds’ for Covid-19. (2020, August 18). Retrieved October 26, 2020, from

Maritime Industry

HKMPB – STATISTICS. (2020). Retrieved 27 October 2020, from

Marine Department, The Complete Berthing Guidelines for Port of Hong Kong. (2020). Retrieved 27 October 2020, from

Transport and Housing Bureau. (2020). Summary Statistics on Maritime Industry of Hong Kong. Hong Kong.

Drainage And Sewage

Drainage Service Department(2000).Kwai Chung Sewage Screen Plant. Retrieved from

Drainage Service Department(2005). Agreement No. CE 80/2001(DS) Drainage Improvement in Tsuen Wan and Kwai Chung – Tsuen Wan Drainage Tunnel Environmental Impact Assessment (Revised Final). Retrieved from

Water Service Department.(2019)Sustainability and Conservation report 2018/19. Retrieved from

Land Contamination

Case History: Kwai Chung Park Viaduct at Gin Drinker’s Bay Landfill, Hong Kong ,Ng G. (2008) Case History: Kwai Chung Park Viaduct at Gin Drinker’s Bay Landfill, Hong Kong. In: Li G., Chen Y., Tang X. 

Monitoring of Gin Drinkers’ Bay landfill, Hong Kong. I. Landfill gas on top of the landfill  (1989)

Wong, M.H. (Hong Kong Baptist College, Kowloon, Hong Kong); Yu, C.T

History of Gin Drinker Bay in1958-1959  retrieved from

Big data analytics to identify illegal construction waste dumping: A Hong Kong study(2019)

WeishengLuVolume 141, February 2019, Pages 264-272

Social Cohesion

Kwai Tsing Safe Community and Healthy City Association. (2010). Injury Surveillance Report. Retrieved from

HKSAR (2016).Demographic Profiles of Population in Kwai Tsing District. Retrieved from 

Food and Environmental Hygiene Department Strategies and Work to Improve Hong Kong’s Environmental Hygiene Community A airs Paper No. 53/I/2020

Arcibal, C. (2020 Sep 16). Vacancy in Hong Kong’s storage facilities, warehouses and logistics real estate may double as retailers end leases, slash stock. SCMP Retrieved from

Interactive Public Space


Installation of CCTV systems in public places

葵青區議會 – 將青衣區納入智能系統先導計劃的試點[In Chinese]

Number of bicycle parking spaces in each district